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General recommendations earthquakes


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Earthquakes cannot be predicted. By speaking up for the construction of earthquake-resistant buildings, securing objects, and storing emergency equipment within easy reach, you can contribute to minimizing the effects of and damage caused by earthquakes.

New, redeveloped, and converted buildings

  • Earthquake-resistant building design offers the best protection against the consequences of an earthquake. The primary goal of this type of design is to prevent the collapse of a building and thereby avoid fatalities and injuries.

  • Taking out earthquake insurance is another option for reducing your personal (financial) risk.

Sources of danger inside buildings

  • Make sure that objects that could fall down or topple over on account of the shaking, and thereby cause injuries, are secured. This includes, for example, ceiling linings, shelves and their contents, televisions and stereos, and light fittings.

Be prepared (for earthquakes and other emergencies)

Put together a first aid box.

  • Copy your important documents such as your passport or ID and have them within reach in case of an incident.

  • Have a torch, battery-powered radio, and cash (ATMs no longer function) within reach in case of power cuts.

Find out what you should / should not do during an earthquake – inside buildings, outside, and while traveling.

Inside a building

  • Take cover (e. g. under a sturdy table).

  • Beware of falling objects (e. g. shelves, heavy furniture, televisions, stereos and light fittings) and keep away from windows and glass walls, which may shatter.

  • Only leave the building when the surrounding area is safe (when there are no more falling objects such as roof tiles, etc.).


  • Stay outside, do not seek shelter in a building.

  • Keep away from buildings, bridges, electricity pylons, large trees, and other things that could collapse or fall.

  • Keep away from the shores of bodies of water after strong shaking.

In a vehicle

  • Stop the vehicle and do not leave it during the quake.

  • Do not stop on a bridge, at an underpass, or in a tunnel, and keep away from buildings at the side of the road (danger of collapse).

Keep calm, help others, be ready for aftershocks, check your building for damage, and seek information from television or radio.

Inside the damage zone

  • Keep calm and help others without putting yourself in danger.

  • Be ready for aftershocks.

  • Check building for damage. Leave the building in the case of severe damage (the building may be at risk of collapsing and will not withstand further quakes).
  • Exercise caution when leaving the building (pieces of masonry, roof beams, tiles, and the like may still fall off).

  • Check the building and surrounding area for potential fires (when possible, extinguish small fires and / or alert the fire service).

  • Check water and gas pipes and electrical wiring for damage (turn off supply if suspected damage is found).

  • Seek information from television, radio or internet.

  • Follow the instructions of emergency service personnel.

  • Only telephone in an emergency (phone lines should be kept free for genuine emergencies).

  • No individual travel by car (roads should be kept free for emergency services).

  • Power cuts are likely.

Outside the damage zone

  • Be ready for aftershocks.

  • Seek information from television, radio or internet.

  • Avoid entering the damage zone.

  • Only telephone in an emergency (the network will be overloaded and should only be used in genuine emergencies).

  • Power cuts are likely.