Normal values per measured parameter

The weather service MeteoSchweiz provides climate normals in table format from all measuring stations with long-time series of measurements. Monthly and annual normals for the temperature and precipitation as well as for a number of other measured parameters are available for the norm periods 1961-1990 and 1981-2010.

For each table, the climate normals of one measured parameter from all available stations have been compiled in pdf or text format. The text files are separated by tabs and intended for electronic data processing. The periodic processing of newly emerging inhomogeneities in the data series can result in altered normal values for some stations at the beginning of a new year. The processing status can be gathered from the individual documents.

Parameter

File type for download

File language

Temperature

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Temperature average

Average of all temperature measurements of one month

PDF document(PDF, 80kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 80kB, English)
Temperature maximum

Average of all daily maximum temperatures of one month

PDF document(PDF, 80kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)
Temperature minimum

Average of all daily minimum temperatures of one month

PDF document(PDF, 80kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 80kB, English)
Icy days

Number of days per month on which the temperature remains below 0° C

PDF document(PDF, 80kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 80kB, English)
Frost days

Number of days per month on which the temperature dips below 0° C

PDF document(PDF, 80kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 80kB, English)
Summer days

Number of days per month on which the temperature reaches or exceeds 25° C

PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)
Dog days

Number of days per month on which the temperature reaches or exceeds 30° C

PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)
Temperature

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Temperature average

Average of all temperature measurements of one month

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Temperature maximum

Average of all daily maximum temperatures of one month

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Temperature minimum

Average of all daily minimum temperatures of one month

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Icy days

Number of days per month on which the temperature remains below 0° C

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Frost days

Number of days per month on which the temperature dips below 0° C

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Summer days

Number of days per month on which the temperature reaches or exceeds 25° C

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Dog days

Number of days per month on which the temperature reaches or exceeds 30° C

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Precipitation

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Precipitation totals

Total solid and liquid precipitation of one month

PDF document(PDF, 320kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 320kB, English)
Days with precipitation

Number of days per month on which 1 mm or more of precipitation is measured

PDF document(PDF, 320kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 320kB, English)
Precipitation

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Precipitation totals

Total solid and liquid precipitation of one month

TXT document(TXT, 60kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 50kB, English)
Days with precipitation

Number of days per month on which 1 mm or more of precipitation is measured

TXT document(TXT, 50kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 50kB, English)
Sunshine

Only the normal values of the days of sunshine or the total cloud cover are available for some stations, but both parameters provide information about the average sun exposure of a location.

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Duration in hours

Total hours of sunshine measured at a location over a one-month period

PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)
Duration in percent

Ratio of sunshine measured over a one-month period relative to the maximum possible duration of sunshine at a location

PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)
Global radiation from 1981 - 2000

Average monthly solar radiation of the years 1981-2000 emitted onto a horizontal area on the surface of the Earth

PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)
Sunshine

Only the normal values of the days of sunshine or the total cloud cover are available for some stations, but both parameters provide information about the average sun exposure of a location.

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Duration in hours

Total hours of sunshine measured at a location over a one-month period

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Duration in percent

Ratio of sunshine measured over a one-month period relative to the maximum possible duration of sunshine at a location

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Global radiation from 1981 - 2000

Average monthly solar radiation of the years 1981-2000 emitted onto a horizontal area on the surface of the Earth

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Wind

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Wind speed

Average monthly wind speed at a location

PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)
Wind

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Wind speed

Average monthly wind speed at a location

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Air pressure

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Air pressure

Average of all atmospheric pressure measurements of a month at the altitude of the station

PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)
Air pressure

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Air pressure

Average of all atmospheric pressure measurements of a month at the altitude of the station

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Cloud cover

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Cloud cover

Ratio of sky covered with clouds in percent per month

PDF document(PDF, 40kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 40kB, English)
Cloud cover

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Cloud cover

Ratio of sky covered with clouds in percent per month

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Humidity

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Vapour pressure

Monthly average of the partial pressure of water vapour in the atmosphere at a location

PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)PDF document(PDF, 70kB, English)
Relative humidity

Ratio of average atmospheric humidity of one month relative to the maximum possible humidity

PDF document(PDF, 40kB, English)
Humidity

Normal period Info
1961 - 1990 Info1981 - 2010 Info
Vapour pressure

Monthly average of the partial pressure of water vapour in the atmosphere at a location

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)
Relative humidity

Ratio of average atmospheric humidity of one month relative to the maximum possible humidity

TXT document(TXT, 10kB, English)

Other data and maps pertaining to normal values

Normal values can also be retrieved in the following formats and for the following measured parameters:

Further information