The maps of normal values show the long-time averages for temperature, precipitation, sunshine duration and various climate indictors in Switzerland. Several normal periods as well as their differences are illustrated. The spatial illustration is based on a 2 km grid point data set, calculated using all available measurements from ground-based measuring stations.
Norm value charts
Average annual temperature, 1991 to 2020
This map shows the average annual mean temperature for the period from 1991-2020 for every location in Switzerland. For example, this value was close to 10 °C in Zurich, and close to -7 °C on top of the Jungfraujoch. It is impossible to achieve an area-wide temperature measurement with measuring stations. The area-wide distribution was therefore interpolated using the temperatures measured at the stations.
Spatial Climate Analyses
The analysis is based on spatial climate analyses (grid spacing 2 kilometres), which are calculated from measurements at surface stations. The analyses can be obtained from MeteoSwiss in different temporal and spatial resolutions, depending on the parameter.