On 30 November 2018, the Federal Council approved the ‘Strategy for open administrative data in Switzerland, 2019-2023’ (Open Government Data Strategy, OGD Strategy). In accordance with this strategy, administrative offices from the central federal administration are generally speaking to publish their new data as OGD as of 2020, provided no legitimate personal interests or legal provisions prevent this from happening (open by default).
Implementation of the Federal Council’s OGD Strategy
Under the meteorology law currently in force, unrestricted introduction of OGD is not possible for weather and climate data. Hence, most weather and climate data of MeteoSwiss continue to be subject to a fee. The charges and conditions of use for the relevant data are governed by the ordinance on meteorology and climatology (SR 429.11), the General Terms and Conditions for the standard service range of MeteoSwiss, as well as any additional contractual provisions (see Legal basis).
For the purpose of the Federal Council’s OGD Strategy, a limited set of data can be found on opendata.swiss. This enables users to familiarise themselves with the characteristics of our meteorological and climatological data.
The draft bill of the “Swiss Federal law on digitalisation for the fulfilment of administrative functions” (EMBAG) is intended to lay the legal foundation for the implementation of OGD in public administration such as MeteoSwiss. On March 4, 2022, the Federal Council adopted the explanatory notes on EMBAG and thus refers the bill to parliament.