The spread of animal diseases and epidemics is continuously documented and the link with the climate is being studied so that future outbreaks can be detected at an early stage.
The health of animals is influenced by the climate – high temperatures and heat waves affect them already today. Hot spells, for instance, cause heat stress in dairy cows, which impairs their reproduction, growth and wellbeing. Moreover, the spread of pathogens and their vectors (such as mosquitoes) is favoured by climate change and poses a health risk for many species of animals - and thus often for humans as well.
Information on animal health and the spread of animal diseases and epidemics is continuously recorded. By linking health with climate data, the impact of climate change on animal health, and thus on food safety and human health, can be estimated.